Speaker Bios


Azzan bin Qassim Al-Busaidi, worked as an economist at several departments relevant to research, investments, and marketing in Oman, as well as working as the CEO of the International Research Foundation in Oman, which is an independent, non-profit think tank. He is the Director General Planning & Studies in the Public Authority for Investment Promotion & Export Development (Ithraa). He holds a degree in Economics from Sultan Qaboos University in Oman and an MBA from the University of Strathclyde in Scotland. 




Jennifer Arlen
is the Norma Z. Paige professor of law at New York University School of Law and is the founder and co-director of the Program on Corporate Compliance and Enforcement. She is one of the leading scholars on corporate liability, specializing in corporate criminal liability and securities fraud. Arlen earned her B.A. from Harvard University in Economics and a J.D. and Ph.D. in economics from New York University. Following law school, she clerked for the Honorable Phyllis Kravitch of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit. She joined the NYU Law School faculty in 2002. Previously, she was the Ivadelle and Theodore Johnson professor of law and business at the University of Southern California Law School, and was a visiting professor at Harvard Law School, Yale Law School, and the California Institute of Technology. Arlen is a co-founder and former president of the Society of Empirical Legal Studies (SELS). She has twice been a director of the American Law and Economics Association (1991–93, 2006-09) and currently is on the editorial board of the American Law and Economics Review. She has published in leading journals including the RAND Journal of Economics; Journal of Law, Economics and Organization; Journal of Legal Studies; Journal of Law and Economics; Journal of Legal Analysis, the Yale Law Journal; and the New York University Law Review.



Leszek Balcerowicz (born 1947) is the Professor of Economics at the Warsaw School of Economics (WSE), former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance (1989-1991 and 1997-200) former President of the National Bank of Poland (2001-2007). Recipient of over thirty honours from universities and awards worldwide: (amon many) Ludwig Erhard Prize, Transatlantic Leadership Award, Central European Award for the Finance Minister of the Year 1998 in Central and Eastern Europe, Friedrich Augusta von Hayek Prize, Carl Bertelsmann Prize, Fasel Foundation Prize, Leontief Prize, Jegor Gajdar Prize, Milton Friedman Prize. Awarded with Poland’s highest decoration – Order of the White Eagle – for his contribution to the reforms in Poland (2005). Leszek Balcerowicz is the author of more than 100 publications on economic issues in Poland and abroad. He is a member of the Group of Thirty, founded by Paul Volcker. In 2008-2012 Leszek Balcerowicz has been appointed as the chairman of Bruegel, since then he is appointed Honorary Chairman. He was a member of the High Level Expert Group on EU Financial Supervision chaired by Jacques de Larosiére. In 2009 he has been elected the President of International Atlantic Economic Society. In 2007 Leszek Balcerowicz created FOR – the Civil Development Forum Foundation, a free market think-tank in Poland.



David Boaz is the executive vice president of the Cato Institute and has played a key role in the development of the Cato Institute and the libertarian movement. He is the author of The Libertarian Mind: A Manifesto for Freedom and the editor of The Libertarian Reader.


Boaz is a provocative commentator and a leading authority on domestic issues such as education choice, drug legalization, the growth of government, and the rise of libertarianism. Boaz is the former editor of New Guard magazine and was executive director of the Council for a Competitive Economy prior to joining Cato in 1981. The earlier edition of The Libertarian Mind, titled Libertarianism: A Primer, was described by the Los Angeles Times as “a well-researched manifesto of libertarian ideas.” His other books include The Politics of Freedom and the Cato Handbook for Policymakers.


His articles have been published in the Wall Street Journal, the New York Times, the Washington Post, the Los Angeles Times, National Review, and Slate, and he wrote the entry on libertarianism for Encyclopedia Britannica. He is a frequent guest on national television and radio shows, and has appeared on ABC’s Politically Incorrect with Bill Maher, CNN’s Crossfire, NPR’s Talk of the Nation and All Things Considered, The McLaughlin Group, Stossel, The Independents, Fox News Channel, BBC, Voice of America, Radio Free Europe, and other media.


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Peter J. Boettke is university professor of economics and philosophy at George Mason University and director of the F.A. Hayek Program for Advanced Study in Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at the Mercatus Center. He received his Ph.D. in economics from George Mason University in 1989. Before joining the faculty at George Mason University in 1998, Boettke taught at New York University. He was a national fellow at the Hoover Institution for War, Revolution, and Peace at Stanford University during the 1992–93 academic years and the F.A. Hayek Fellow in 2004 and 2006 at the London School of Economics. The author of numerous books and articles, Boettke has a particular interest in the ways that institutional arrangements shape entrepreneurial behavior in transitioning, weak, and failed states. His publications include Why Perestroika Failed: The Politics and Economics of Socialist Transformation; Calculation and Coordination: Essays on Socialism and Transitional Political Economy; Challenging Institutional Analysis and Development: The Bloomington School; Robust Political Economy for the 21st Century; and Living Economics: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow



Yaron Brook is the executive director of the Ayn Rand Institute and the host of The Yaron Brook Show. Brook is coauthor, with Don Watkins, of Free Market Revolution: How Ayn Rand’s Ideas Can End Big Government. They now have a new book, Equal Is Unfair: America’s Misguided Fight Against Income Inequality. Brook is also a contributing author to Neoconservatism: An Obituary for an Idea, Winning the Unwinnable War: America’s Self-Crippled Response to Islamic Totalitarianism, and Big Tent: The Story of the Conservative Revolution — As Told by the Thinkers and Doers Who Made It Happen. Brook’s articles have been featured in the Wall Street Journal, USA Today, Investor’s Business Daily, and many other publications. He is a frequent guest on national radio and television programs, and was a columnist at Forbes.com. Brook served as a first sergeant in Israeli military intelligence and earned a B.Sc. in civil engineering from Technion–Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa, Israel. He received his MBA and Ph.D. in finance from the University of Texas at Austin, and became an American citizen in 2003. He was finance professor at Santa Clara University and cofounded BH Equity Research. 



Eamonn Butler is the Director of the Adam Smith Institute, rated one of the world’s leading policy think-tanks. He has degrees in economics, philosophy, and psychology, gaining a PhD from the University of St. Andrews in 1978. During the 1970s he worked on pensions and welfare issues for the US House of Representatives, and taught philosophy in Hillsdale College, Michigan, before returning to the UK to help found the Adam Smith Institute. Eamonn is author of books on the pioneering economists Milton Friedman, F A Hayek, Ludwig von Mises and Adam Smith, and co-author of Forty Centuries of Wage and Price Controls and books on intelligence testing. He contributes to the leading UK print and broadcast media on current issues, and his recent popular publications The Best Book on the Market, The Rotten State of Britain and The Alternative Manifesto have attracted considerable attention. He has also contributed articles to national magazines and newspapers on subjects ranging from health policy, economic management, taxation and public spending, transport, pensions, and welfare. 



Dr. Alex Chafuen serves as president of Atlas Network and has previously served as president and CEO from 1991-2009, and was elected to its board in 2009. He joined Atlas Network in 1985 and worked alongside its founder, Sir Antony Fisher. He is a trustee of Grove City College in Pennsylvania, and he’s been a member of the Mont Pelerin Society since 1980. A graduate of the Argentina Catholic University, he was a professor at the Argentine Catholic University, University of Buenos Aires, and The Hispanic American University, CA. Dr. Chafuen serves on several boards including the Chase Foundation of the Commonwealth of Virginia, the Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty, the Fraser Institute (Canada), and is Honorary Active Member and member of the Member’s Committee of the John Templeton Foundation, the World Charity Foundation, and The Templeton Religion Trust. He is member of the board of advisers of The Philanthropic Enterprise, and was a member of the founding committee of Donors Trust. He is also the president and founder of the Hispanic American Center of Economic Research and is the author of Faith and Liberty. Dr. Chafuen is a regular contributor to Forbes.com, writing a column called “Intellectual Entrepreneurs” which focuses on think tanks and policy scholars. He received the Global Leadership Award from the Leadership Institute, the Bow Group (U.K.), the World Congress of Families/Howard Center for Family, and recently received the 2014 Walter Judd Freedom Award. His book Faith and Liberty about the Christian roots of free-market economics has been published in several editions in seven countries. In 2010, Atlas Network recognized Dr. Chafuen for 25 years of service. 



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Christopher DeMuth is a distinguished fellow at the Hudson Institute in Washington, D.C. He was president of the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research from 1986–2008. He previously served in the administrations of Ronald Reagan and Richard Nixon; practiced law with Sidley & Austin and at the Consolidated Rail Corporation; was managing director of Lexecon, Inc., a law-and-economics consulting firm; was editor and publisher of Regulation magazine; and taught at the Kennedy School of Government and directed the Harvard Faculty Project on Regulation. He is a graduate of Harvard College (1968) and the University of Chicago Law School (1973). His writings are posted at ccdemuth.com



Lars Feld_headshot
Lars P. Feld is the current director of the Walter Eucken Institute in Freiburg and professor of economics at the University of Freiburg. He has held the chair for economic policy and constitutional economics at Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg since 2010, a position held by Friedrich Hayek in the 1960s. He is a member of the German Council of Economic Experts; the scientific advisory board to the German Federal Finance Ministry; and the Independent Council to the Stability Council, Germany’s construction of a Fiscal Council required by the Fiscal Compact. Feld also is a member of Leopoldina (the German National Academy of Sciences) and the scientific council of the think tank Stiftung Marktwirtschaft (Kronberger Kreis). Having studied economics at the University of Saarland from 1987 until 1993, he received his doctorate in 1999 and his habilitation in 2002 at the University of St. Gallen. He has since held a number of faculty positions, including professorships of economics at the University of Marburg and at Heidelberg University. He was a visiting fellow at the University of Southern California, Los Angeles; the Université de Rennes 1; the Australian National University in Canberra; and Stanford University. 



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Niall Ferguson, MA, D.Phil., is Laurence A. Tisch Professor of History at Harvard University. He is also a Senior Fellow at the Hoover Institution, Stanford University, and a Visiting Professor at Tsinghua University, Beijing.


He is the author of fourteen books. His first, Paper and Iron: Hamburg Business and German Politics in the Era of Inflation 1897-1927, was short-listed for the History Today Book of the Year award, while the collection of essays he edited, Virtual History: Alternatives and Counterfactuals, was a UK bestseller. In 1998 he published to international critical acclaim The Pity of War: Explaining World War One and The World’s Banker: The History of the House of Rothschild. The latter won the Wadsworth Prize for Business History and was also short-listed for the Jewish Quarterly/Wingate Literary Award and the American National Jewish Book Award. In 2001, after a year as a Houblon-Norman Fellow at the Bank of England, he published The Cash Nexus: Money and Power in the Modern World, 1700-2000.


In 2003 Ferguson wrote and presented a six-part history of the British Empire for Channel 4, the UK broadcaster. The accompanying book, Empire: The Rise and Demise of the British World Order and the Lessons for Global Power, was a bestseller in both Britain and the United States. The sequel, Colossus: The Rise and Fall of the American Empire, was published in 2004 by Penguin, and prompted Time magazine to name him one of the 100 most influential people in the world. Two years later he published The War of the World: Twentieth-Century Conflict and the Descent of the West, a television adaptation of which was screened by PBS in 2007. The international bestseller, The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World, followed in 2008; it too was a PBS series, winning the International Emmy award for Best Documentary, as well as the Handelszeitung Economics Book Prize. In 2011 he published Civilization: The West and the Rest, also a Channel 4/PBS documentary series. A year later came the three-part television series “China: Triumph and Turmoil.” The book based on his 2012 BBC Reith lectures, The Great Degeneration: How Institutions Decay and Economies Die, was a New York Times bestseller within a week of its publication.


An accomplished biographer, Ferguson published High Financier: The Lives and Time of Siegmund Warburg in 2010 and is currently writing a life of Henry Kissinger, the first volume of which has just been published—to critical acclaim—as Kissinger, 1923-1968: The Idealist. In 2011 his film company Chimerica Media released its first feature-length documentary, “Kissinger”, which won the New York Film Festival’s prize for Best Documentary.


Ferguson was the Philippe Roman Visiting Professor at the London School of Economics in 2010-11. He is a member of the board of trustees of the American Academy in Berlin and the New York Historical Society. His many prizes and awards include the Benjamin Franklin Prize for Public Service (2010), the Hayek Prize for Lifetime Achievement (2012) and the Ludwig Erhard Prize for Economic Journalism (2013).


In addition to writing a weekly column for the Sunday Times (London) and the Boston Globe, he is the founder and managing director of Greenmantle LLC, a Cambridge-based advisory firm. He also serves on the board of Affiliated Managers Group.


Niall Ferguson is married to the author and women’s rights activist Ayaan Hirsi Ali. He has four children.



The Heritage Foundation is granted the right to reproduce this photograph in print and electronic formats, including reproduction by 3rd parties, excluding use in paid advertising space and book covers. Use in paid advertising space and book covers available by separate licensing agreement. Photograph © David Hills. All other rights reserved.
Edwin J. Feulner, Ph.D. served as the President of The Heritage Foundation from 1977-2013 when he retired. He currently serves as Founder, Chairman of its Asian Studies Center and Chung Ju-yung Fellow of Heritage. From 1978 until 2014 served as Treasurer of the Mont Pelerin Society, except for the period 1997-2001 when he served first as President and then as Senior Vice President. He currently serves as Honorary Vice President of the Society. He was also a long-time officer (President for the20th and 50th Anniversary of the founding) of The Philadelphia Society, former Chairman and current trustee of the Intercollegiate Studies Institute and trustee of various other conservative organizations.



Jesus Fernandez-Villaverde
Jesús Fernández-Villaverde is currently Professor of Economics at the University of Pennsylvania, where he serves as Director of Graduate Studies in the Economics Department, Visiting Scholar at the Federal Reserve Banks of Chicago and Philadelphia, member of the National Bureau of Economic Research and the Center for Economic Policy Research. He has held academic appointments at Princeton, Yale, Duke, and New York University and he has been a Visiting Scholar at the Federal Reserve Banks of St. Louis, Minneapolis, Cleveland, and Atlanta, National Fellow of the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, Visiting Scholar at the Becker-Friedman Institute of the University of Chicago, Visiting Scholar at INET Cambridge, and he was the director of the Penn Institute for Economic Research. He is editor of the International Economic Review and has served on the editorial board of several journals. He is also the editor of “NadaEsGratis”, the leading blog about economics in Spanish.



Diana Furchtgott-Roth_headshot
Diana Furchtgott-Roth, former chief economist of the U.S. Department of Labor, is a senior fellow and director of Economics21 at the Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. She is a columnist for MarketWatch.com, CapX.co, and Tax Notes. Furchtgott-Roth has served as chief of staff of President George W. Bush’s Council of Economic Advisers, as deputy executive director of the Domestic Policy Council and associate director of the Office of Policy Planning in the White House under President George H.W. Bush, and as an economist on President Reagan’s Council of Economic Advisers. Furchtgott-Roth received her B.A. in economics from Swarthmore College and her M.Phil. in economics from Oxford University. She is the author or editor of five books, most recently Disinherited: How Washington Is Betraying America’s Young, coauthored with Jared Meyer. Her articles have been published in the New York Times, the Washington Post, the Financial Times, the Wall Street Journal, Investor’s Business Daily, the Los Angeles Times, and Le Figaro, among others. Furchtgott-Roth is a frequent guest on CNBC and FOX Business News, and she has appeared on numerous other TV and radio shows, including C-SPAN’s Washington Journal, PBS’s The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, BBC’s Business Matters, and National Public Radio’s Airtalk with Larry Mantle



John Goodman_headshot
John C. Goodman is the president of the Goodman Institute for Public Policy Research, as well as author of A Better Choice: Healthcare Solutions for America and Priceless: Curing the Healthcare Crisis. The Wall Street Journal and the National Journal have called him the “Father of Health Savings Accounts.” Goodman is frequently invited to testify before Congress on health care reform, and he is the author of more than 50 studies on health policy, retirement reform, and tax issues, as well as 10 books, including Living with Obamacare: A Consumer’s Guide; Lives at Risk: Single-Payer National Health Insurance Around the World (with Gerald Musgrave and Devon Herrick); Leaving Women Behind: Modern Families, Outdated Laws (with Kimberley A. Strassel and Celeste Colgan); and the trailblazing Patient Power: Solving America’s Health Care Crisis. Goodman received his Ph.D. in economics from Columbia University, served as president of the National Center for Policy Analysis for 31 years, and has taught and completed research at Columbia University, Stanford University, Dartmouth College, Southern Methodist University, and the University of Dallas. He regularly appears on television and radio news programs, including those on Fox News Channel, CNN, PBS, Fox Business Network, and CNBC, and his articles appear in the Wall Street Journal, Investor’s Business Daily, USA Today, Forbes, National Review, and other national publications. Goodman serves as a Senior Fellow at Independent Institute. 



Tyler Goodspeed_headshot
Tyler Goodspeed is a junior fellow in the Department of Economics at the University of Oxford. His primary fields are finance and economic history, with secondary interests in political economy and development. Prior to earning his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 2014, he received his A.B. from Harvard College and M.Phil. from the University of Cambridge as a Gates Scholar. In addition to his first book, Rethinking the Keynesian Revolution, Goodspeed has two books forthcoming in 2016, titled Legislating Instability: Adam Smith, Free Banking, and the Financial Crisis of 1772 and Famine and Finance: Credit and the Great Famine of Ireland. More generally, Goodspeed’s research focuses on 18th- and 19th-century British and North American economic history, with particular attention to informal banking and the political economy of financial regulation, as well as long-run economic development. 



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Dr. Samuel Gregg is research director at the Acton Institute. He has written and spoken extensively on questions of political economy, economic history, ethics in finance, and natural law theory. He has an MA in political philosophy from the University of Melbourne, and a Doctor of Philosophy degree in moral philosophy and political economy from the University of Oxford.

He has authored more than 11 books, including On Ordered Liberty (2003), his prize-winning The Commercial Society (2007), The Modern Papacy (2009), and Wilhelm Röpke’s Political Economy (2010), Becoming Europe (2013), and For God and Profit: How Banking and Finance Can Serve the Common Good (2016). He has also co-edited books such as Christian Theology and Market Economics (2008) and Natural Law, Economics and the Common Good (2012). He publishes in journals such as the Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy; Journal of Markets & Morality; Economic Affairs; Journal des Economistes et des Etudes Humaines; Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy; Ave Maria Law Review; Oxford Analytica; Communio; Journal of Scottish Philosophy; and Foreign Affairs. He is a regular writer of opinion-pieces which appear in publications such as the Wall Street Journal Europe; National Review; Public Discourse; and American Spectator.


In 2001, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, and a Member of the Mont Pèlerin Society in 2004. In 2008, he was elected a member of the Philadelphia Society, and a member of the Royal Economic Society. He is the General Editor of Lexington Books’ Studies in Ethics and Economics Series. He also sits on the Academic Advisory Boards of Campion College, Sydney; the La Fundación Burke, Madrid; and the Institute of Economic Affairs, London. 



James Gwartney3_headshot
James D. Gwartney is a professor of economics at Florida State University, where he holds the Gus A. Stavros Eminent Scholar Chair. He is the coauthor of Economics: Private and Public Choice, a widely used principles of economics text now in its 15th edition, and an economics primer, Common Sense Economics: What Everyone Should Know About Wealth and Prosperity. He is also the co-author of the annual report Economic Freedom of the World, which provides information on the consistency of institutions and policies with economic freedom for more than 150 countries. His publications have appeared in scholarly journals, including the American Economic Review, Journal of Political Economy, Southern Economic Journal, Kyklos, and Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics. He served as chief economist of the Joint Economic Committee of the U.S. Congress from 1999–2000. He is a past president of the Southern Economic Association and the Association of Private Enterprise Education. His Ph.D. in economics is from the University of Washington. 



Jonathan Haidt_headshot
Jonathan Haidt is a social psychologist at the New York University Stern School of Business. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1992, and spent most of his career (1995–2011) at the University of Virginia. Haidt’s research examines the intuitive foundations of morality, and how morality varies across cultures — including the cultures of American progressives, conservatives, and libertarians. Haidt is the author of The Happiness Hypothesis and The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion. At NYU-Stern, he is applying his research on moral psychology to business ethics, asking how companies can structure and run themselves in ways that will be resistant to ethical failures (see EthicalSystems.org). 



Dr. Andrei Illarionov is a Senior Fellow at the Cato Institute’s Center for Global Liberty and Prosperity in Washington, USA, and the President of the Institute of Economic Analysis, an independent economic think tank in Moscow, Russia. Until December 27, 2005, he was an Economic Adviser to the President of the Russian Federation. Dr.
Illarionov has co-authored several programs for Russian governments, and has written three books and over 300 articles on Russian economic and social policies. While in Cato Dr. Illarionov is involved in preparation of the Cato Index of Human Freedom, has prepared studies on nature of the current Russian political regime, Great Recession of
2008-2009, Russian-Georgian War, history of the Russian reforms, Russian-Ukrainian war.



Kim R. Holmes, a distinguished fellow at The Heritage Foundation and oversaw the think tank’s defense and foreign policy team for more than two decades. As a historian of U.S. political movements and ideology, Holmes writes about America’s place in the world and the changing political landscape. Holmes was The Heritage Foundation’s vice president for foreign and defense policy studies and director of the Davis Institute for International Studies from 1991 to 2012 except for 2001 to 2004 when he served as assistant secretary of state for international organization affairs. He was a founding editor of the Heritage’s annual Index of Economic Freedom. He serves on the Board of Directors of the Center for International Private Enterprise. He holds doctoral and master’s degrees in history from Georgetown University and a bachelor’s degree in history from the University of Central Florida. He is the author of: The Closing of the Liberal Mind (Encounter, 2016), Rebound: Getting America Back to Great (2013) and Liberty’s Best Hope: American Leadership for the 21st Century (2008).



(4) photo of Dr Kim (1)

Dr. Jefferey Inchul Kim is Professor Emeritus at Sung Kyun Kwan University, Seoul Korea and concurrently Foreign Investment Ombudsman of Korea. He graduated from the University of Chicago with a Ph. D. in Economics in 1981. Before taking his tenured position at Sung Kyun Kwan in 1988, he had worked as a senior research fellow at Korea Development Institute (KDI) which is the Korean government’s premier economic think tank.



Professor Lei

Deepak Lal is the James S. Coleman Professor Emeritus of International Development Studies at the University of California Los Angeles, and Professor Emeritus of Political Economy University College London. His books include Unintended Consequences; Reviving the Invisible Hand; and Poverty and Progress. His new book War or Peace: The Struggle for World Power is to be published by Oxford early next year.




Edward J. López is Professor of Economics, BB&T Distinguished Professor of Capitalism, and founding Director of the Center for Study of Free Enterprise at Western Carolina University, where he teaches courses in macroeconomics, applied business economics, and the moral foundations of capitalism. His first book, The Pursuit of Justice: Law and Economics of Legal Institutions (Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), explains various inefficiencies and injustices that occur throughout the legal system and proposes institutional reforms. His second book, co-authored with Wayne A. Leighton, Madmen, Intellectuals, and Academic Scribblers: The Economic Engine of Political Change (Stanford University Press, 2013), develops a framework for explaining how ideas and interests do battle in shaping political and economic institutions. López received his B.S. in economics from Texas A&M University in 1992 and his Ph.D. in economics from George Mason University in 1997. He is a Research Fellow with The Independent Institute.




Fred McMahon is Michael Walker Chair of Economic Freedom Research at the Fraser Institute, Canada. He manages the Institute’s international economic policy research, including the Economic Freedom of the World Annual Report and the Economic Freedom Network of independent think tanks in 90 nations and territories. 


In cooperation with many international partners, he has prepared research documents on the national economy and co-organized national economic policy audits in Côte d’Ivoire, Oman, Australia, Jordan, Panama, Tunisia, Egypt, Guatemala, Malaysia, Kyrgyz Republic, Venezuela and Morocco, and international conferences in Georgia, Brazil, Spain, Liechtenstein, Poland, Germany, Mexico, South Africa, Hong Kong, Thailand, Montenegro, Belgium, and Slovakia.  


He is a co-author of the Economic Freedom of the Arab World: Annual Report and of the Economic Freedom of North America: Annual Report. 


He has authored three books: Looking the Gift Horse in the Mouth: The Impact of Transfers on Atlantic Canada, which won the Sir Antony Fisher International Memorial Award for advancing public policy debate, Road to Growth: How Lagging Economies Become Prosperous, and Retreat from Growth: Atlantic Canada and the Negative Sum Economy, which was short-listed for the Donner Award for the Best Public Policy Book by a Canadian. 


He has written for many popular and academic publications, including European Journal of Political Economy, the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) Journal at Georgetown University, The Wall Street Journal, Policy Options, National Post, Time (Canada), Globe and Mail, and the Ottawa Citizen, among many others. 



Charles Murray has distinguished himself both as a social scientist and as a policy innovator. His first major book, Losing Ground (1984), is widely credited with laying the intellectual foundation for the Welfare Reform Act of 1996. 


Since that time, he has proposed reforms to American higher education (Real Education, 2008), developed a quantifiable approach to measuring contributions to the arts and sciences (Human Achievement, 2003), suggested a minimum income policy to replace the welfare state (In Our Hands, 2006), outlined his own philosophy of liberty (What It Means to Be a Libertarian, 1996), and explored the causes and consequences of an increasing sociocultural divide in American society (The Bell Curve, 1994; and Coming Apart, 2012). Murray currently serves as the American Enterprise Institute’s W. H. Brady Scholar. 


Murray is Atlas Network’s 2015 Templeton Leadership Fellow. 


Dr. Tom G. Palmer is the executive vice president for international programs at Atlas Network and is responsible for establishing operating programs in 14 languages and managing programs for a worldwide network of think tanks. He is also a senior fellow at Cato Institute and director of Cato University. Before joining Cato, he was an H. B. Earhart Fellow at Hertford College, Oxford University, and a vice president of the Institute for Humane Studies at George Mason University. He frequently lectures in North America, Europe, Eurasia, Africa, Latin America, India, China and throughout Asia, as well as the Middle East on political science, public choice, civil society, and the moral, legal, and historical foundations of individual rights. He has published reviews and articles on politics and morality in scholarly journals such as the Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Ethics, Critical Review, and Constitutional Political Economy, as well as in publications such as Slate, the Wall Street Journal, the New York Times, Die Welt, Caixing, Al Hayat, the Washington Post, and The Spectator of London. He is the author of Realizing Freedom: Libertarian Theory, History, and Practice (expanded edition 2014), and the editor of The Morality of Capitalism (2011), After the Welfare State (2012), Why Liberty (2013), and Peace, Love & Liberty (2014). Palmer received his B.A. in liberal arts from St. Johns College in Annapolis, Maryland, his M.A. in philosophy from The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C., and his doctorate in politics from Oxford University.


José Piñera is co-chairman of Cato’s Project on Social Security Choice and founder and president of the International Center for Pension Reform. Formerly Chile’s secretary of labor and social security, he was the architect of the country’s successful reform of its pension system. As secretary of labor, Piñera also designed the labor laws that introduced flexibility to the Chilean labor market and, as secretary of mining, he was responsible for the constitutional law that established private property rights in Chilean mines. Piñera now advises governments throughout the world on the establishment of personal account retirement systems. He has written for the Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, the New York Times, Foreign Affairs, Wired, and several other publications. Piñera received an MA and a PhD in economics from Harvard University.

Gerald O’Driscoll is a senior fellow at the Cato Institute. He is a widely quoted expert on international monetary and financial issues. Previously the director of the Center for International Trade and Economics at the Heritage Foundation, O’Driscoll was senior editor of the annual Index of Economic Freedom, co-published by Heritage and the Wall Street Journal. He has also served as vice president and director of policy analysis at Citigroup. Before that, he was vice president and economic adviser at the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas. He also served as staff director of the congessionally mandated Meltzer Commission on international financial institutions. O’Driscoll has taught at the University of California, Santa Barbara; Iowa State University, and New York University. He is widely published in leading publications, including the Wall Street Journal. He appears frequently on national radio and television, including Fox Business News, CNBC, and Bloomberg. He is a member of the Mont Pelerin Society, and is president of the Association of Private Enterprise Education. O’Driscoll holds a BA in economics from Fordham University, and an MA and PhD in economics from the University of California, Los Angeles.


Jame Otteson, Director of the Wake Forest BB&T Center for the Study of Capitalism, Thursday, October 3, 2013.

James R. Otteson joined Wake Forest University in the fall of 2013 as Executive Director of the BB&T Center for the Study of Capitalism and Professor of Economics. He currently holds the Thomas W. Smith Presidential Chair in Business Ethics. Before coming to Wake Forest, Dr. Otteson was joint professor of philosophy and economics, and philosophy department chair, at Yeshiva University. He has taught previously at New York University, Georgetown University, and the University of Alabama. He also serves currently as a Research Professor in the Freedom Center and in the Philosophy Department at the University of Arizona, and he is a Senior Scholar at the Fund for American Studies in Washington, DC. Dr. Otteson received his BA from the University of Notre Dame and his PhD from the University of Chicago. He specializes in political economy, business ethics, the history of economic thought, and political philosophy. His publications include Adam Smith’s Marketplace of Life (Cambridge, 2002); Actual Ethics (Cambridge, 2006), which won the Templeton Enterprise Award in 2007; and Adam Smith (Bloomsbury, 2013). His most recent books are The End of Socialism (Cambridge, 2014) and an edited collection of primary sources called What Adam Smith Knew: Moral Lessons on Capitalism from Its Greatest Champions and Fiercest Critics (Encounter, 2014). 



Emilio J. Pacheco joined Liberty Fund in 1990 as a Program Officer. He now serves as Liberty Fund’s President and Chief Executive Officer. Emilio is a graduate of the Catholic University Andres Bello, in Caracas Venezuela. He received his MA from University of Sussex, and his DPhil from University of Oxford. Prior to joining Liberty Fund, Emilio was a Senior Research Fellow at the Institute for Humane Studies, and Head of Information Services at Banco Central de Venezuela in Caracas, Venezuela. He is also President of the Pierre F. and Enid Goodrich Foundation and of the Center for the Study of Liberty.  



Robert Poole is founder and former president of the Reason Foundation, a national public policy think tank based in Los Angeles. He is former Editor and Publisher of Reason magazine. Today he is nationally known as an expert on privatization and transportation policy. He received his B.S. and M.S. in mechanical engineering at MIT and did graduate work in operations research at NYU.

Poole was the first to use the term “privatization” to refer to the contracting-out of public services. His 1976 booklet on competitive contracting of municipal services led to a contract for what became the first-ever book on privatization, Cutting Back City Hall (Universe Books,1980).

He launched the Reason Foundation in 1978 as a think tank dealing with public policy issues, including privatization. It took over publication of Reason magazine, and went on to launch Reason.com and Reason.TV. Poole conceived and edited three Reason Foundation books: Instead of Regulation (1982), Defending a Free Society (1984), and Unnatural Monopolies (1985), all published by D.C. Heath/Lexington Books. With Virginia Postrel, he edited Free Minds & Free Markets: 25 Years of Reason (Pacific Research Institute, 1993).

During the Reagan years Poole consulted on privatization with the White House Office of Policy Development and testified before the President’s Commission on Privatization. He worked with the Bush White House on what became Executive Order 12803 on infrastructure privatization. During the Clinton years he advised both Vice President Gore’s National Performance Review and the White House National Economic Council on privatization issues. In 2000-2001 he was a member of the Bush-Cheney transition team on transportation policy, and advised both the White House and U.S. DOT on transportation policy. He has also advised seven state DOTs on transportation policy.

Poole has served on the boards of Reason Foundation, The Atlas Society, the Public-Private Partnerships division of the American Road & Transportation Builders Association, and the State Policy Network. He is the author of dozens of policy studies and journal articles on transportation issues. His popular writings have appeared in national newspapers, including the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal; he has also been a guest on such network TV programs as “Crossfire,” “Good Morning America,” and “The O’Reilly Factor,” as well as ABC, NBC, and CBS News. He writes a monthly column on transportation policy for Public Works Financing. His new book, 21st Century Highways, will be published in 2017. He is also at work on a memoir on his career as a think tank entrepreneur.



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Edward C. Prescott is professor of economics at Arizona State University and is the W.P. Carey chair in economics in the W.P. Carey School of Business. He has previously held faculty positions at the University of Pennsylvania, Carnegie Mellon University, the University of Minnesota, and the University of Chicago. He is a senior monetary analyst at the Minneapolis Federal Reserve Bank. He received his B.A. in mathematics from Swarthmore College in 1962, his M.S in operations research from Case Western Reserve University in 1963, and his Ph.D. in economics from Carnegie Mellon University in 1967. He is an aggregate economist theorist who develops and applies dynamic economic theory to problems in financial economics, economic fluctuations, public finance, growth and development, and international economics areas. He and Finn Kydland were jointly awarded the 2004 Nobel Prize in Economics “for their contributions to dynamic macroeconomics: the time inconsistency of economic policy and the driving forces behind business cycles.” 



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Erik D. Prince is a U.S.-born entrepreneur, philanthropist, military veteran, and private equity investor with business interests in Europe, Africa, the Middle East and North America. A strong supporter of economic development in emerging markets, he is the founder and chairman of Frontier Resource Group, a private equity firm that invests in transformative natural resource projects. He is also the chairman of Frontier Services Group, a company listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange that provides logistics and transportation services in Africa. As an avid aviator since age 16, he and his affiliates invest broadly in aviation services companies in Israel, Austria, Kenya, and Malta. Prior to establishing the Frontier Group of companies, Prince founded and ultimately sold Presidential Airways, a global transportation company with more than 70 aircraft operating in emerging markets, and Blackwater, a provider of global security training and logistics solutions to the U.S. government and others, which he sold in 2010. Prince is married, and he and his tireless wife Stacy enjoy raising 12 children. He was educated at Hillsdale College in Michigan, and upon graduation joined the U.S. Navy, where he served as a Navy SEAL officer until 1996. Prince’s philanthropic endeavors are focused on refugees, humanitarian relief, and economic development. 



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Pascal Salin is honorary Professor of economics at University Paris-Dauphine. He has been President of the Mont Pèlerin Society, 1994-96.

He is the author of several books, among which European Monetary Unity : Who is Benefitting ? (foreword by Friedrich Hayek), l980; L’ordre monétaire mondial, l982; L’arbitraire fiscal, l985; La vérité sur la monnaie, 1990; Macroéconomie, 1991; Libre-échange et protectionnisme, 1991; La concurrence, 1995; Libéralisme, 2000; Français, n’ayez pas peur du libéralisme, 2007; Revenir au capitalisme pour éviter les crises, 2010; La tyrannie fiscale, 2014, Libérons-nous, 2014; Concurrence et liberté des échanges, 2014; Competition, Coordination and Diversity : From the Firm to Economic Integration, Elgar publisher, 2014; The International Monetary System and the Theory of Monetary Systems, Elgar publisher, 2016. Pascal Salin is the author of numerous articles, mainly in French and in English, published in academic journals and collective books, in France and other countries, as well as in several newspapers.
He has been a consultant for several organizations in various countries. He has been a participant in many conferences and he has delivered numerous lectures in France and abroad.  



Dr. Jiri Schwarz is an associate professor in Economics and chairman of the board of directors of CETA – Center for Economic and Market Analysis in Prague. He was a member of the National Economic Council of the Czech Republic (2009-2013) and he served a dean of the Faculty of Economics, at the University of Economics, Prague (2003-2010). He is a trustee of the Anglo-American University in Prague, a chairman of the academic council of the Liberalni Institut, a board member of L’Institut de Recherches Economiques et Fiscales (IREF), and a member of the board of directors of the Mont Pelerin Society.  



Amity Shlaes is the author of four New York Times bestsellers, The Forgotten Man/Graphic, The Forgotten Man, Coolidge, and The Greedy Hand. She is also the author of a Germany: The Empire Within. She chairs the board of the Calvin Coolidge Presidential Foundation and teaches history and economics at the King’s College, where she serves as presidential scholar. Miss Shlaes serves on the jury for the Paolucci Prize and has chaired the jury of the Hayek Prize for the past five years. A Forbes print columnist and former Wall Street Journal editorial board member, Miss Shlaes is at work on a history of the Great Society.  



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Dean Stansel is Research Associate Professor at O’Neil Center for Global Markets and Freedom in Cox School of Business at Southern Methodist University in Dallas. He is primary author of Fraser Institute’s annual Economic Freedom of North America report, which ranks North American states and provinces, and sole author of an economic freedom index for U.S. metropolitan areas. Prior to SMU, he was an economics professor at Florida Gulf Coast University for 11 years. Before entering academia, Stansel worked for seven years at Cato Institute, where he authored more than 60 publications on fiscal policy issues. His research has appeared in numerous academic journals, and has been cited in the popular press, including the Wall Street Journal, New York Times, San Francisco Chronicle, and Atlanta Journal-Constitution. His op-eds have appeared in Wall Street Journal, Investor’s Business Daily, Washington Post, and Chicago Tribune, among others. In 2011 he was selected by the Economic Freedom Project to help publicize the virtues of economic freedom, averaging about 75 media interviews per year since then. Stansel earned his B.A. in economics (with honors) and politics from Wake Forest University in 1991 and his Ph.D. in economics from George Mason University in 2002. He’s married and has two children who they homeschool.

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John D. Sullivan is an Adjunct Professor with George Mason University and an independent consultant in international development. He is the retired executive director of the Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE), an affiliate of the US Chamber of Commerce. As associate director of the Democracy Program, Sullivan helped to establish both CIPE and the National Endowment for Democracy in 1983. After serving as CIPE program director, he became executive director in 1991. Under his leadership CIPE developed a number of innovative approaches that link democratic development to market reforms: combating corruption, promoting corporate governance, building business associations, supporting the informal sector, and programs to assist women and youth entrepreneurs.
Sullivan is the author of a number of publications on ethics, corporate governance, and anti-corruption including “The Moral Compass of Companies: Business Ethics and Corporate Governance as Anti-Corruption Tools”, International Finance Corporation, 2009 and “The Role of Corporate Governance in Fighting Corruption,” in the Russian National Council on Corporate Governance annual National Corporate Governance Report, Oct. 2013. 


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John B. Taylor is the Mary and Robert Raymond Professor of Economics at Stanford University and the George P. Shultz Senior Fellow in Economics at Stanford’s Hoover Institution. He is also the director of Stanford’s Introductory Economics Center. He served as senior economist on the President’s Council of Economic Advisers and as a member of the council. From 2001 to 2005, he served as undersecretary of the Treasury for international affairs. Taylor was awarded the university-wide Hoagland Prize and the Rhodes Prizes for excellence in undergraduate teaching and the Stanford Economics Department Distinguished Faculty Teaching Award. He received the 2016 Adam Smith Award from the Association of Private Enterprise Education, theTruman Medal for Economic Policy for extraordinary contribution to the formation and conduct of economic policy, the Bradley Prize for his economic research and policy achievements, the Adam Smith Award from the National Association for Business Economics, the Alexander Hamilton Award and the Treasury Distinguished Service Award for his policy contributions at the US Treasury, and the Medal of the Republic of Uruguay for his work in resolving the 2002 financial crisis. Taylor received a BA in economics summa cum laude from Princeton and a PhD in economics from Stanford. He won the 2012 Hayek Prize for his latest book, First Principles: Five Keys to Restoring America’s Prosperity.  


Ian Vásquez is the director of the Cato Institute’s Center for Global Liberty and Prosperity. His articles have appeared in newspapers throughout the United States and Latin America, and he is a columnist at El Comercio (Peru). Vásquez has appeared on CNBC, NBC, C-SPAN, CNN, Telemundo, Univisión, and Canadian Television, as well as National Public Radio and Voice of America, discussing foreign policy and development issues.

He received his bachelor’s degree from Northwestern University and his master’s degree from the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University. He is the co-author of The Human Freedom Index, editor of Global Fortune: The Stumble and Rise of World Capitalism and coeditor of Perpetuating Poverty: The World Bank, the IMF and the Developing World. He has testified numerous times in the U.S. Congress on economic development issues.

Vásquez has been a term member of the Council on Foreign Relations and is a member of the Mont Pèlerin Society.  


Michael Walker was the executive director of the Fraser Institute from its inception in 1974 until September 2005. Before that he taught at the University of Western Ontario and Carleton and was employed at the Bank of Canada and the Federal Department of Finance. He received his Ph.D. at the University of Western Ontario and his B.A. at St. Francis Xavier University.

As an economist, he has authored or edited 45 books on economic topics. His articles on technical economic subjects have appeared in professional journals in Canada, the United States and Europe, including the Canadian Journal of Economics, the American Economic Review, the Journal of Finance, the Canadian Tax Journal, Health Management Quarterly, Weltwertschaftliches Archiv and Health Affairs. His primary concern as the founding Executive Director of the Fraser Institute has been to promote the examination and use of competitive markets as a method for enhancing the lives of Canadians.

He is the co-founder, with Milton and Rose D. Friedman, of the Economic Freedom of the World project which is now a collaboration of institutes in 85 countries and produces the annual Economic Freedom of the World Index. The Index is one of the most widely cited such measures in the current academic literature.

He is a director of a number of firms and other enterprises, including, Canaccord Capital, Mancal Corporation, The Milton and Rose D. Friedman Foundation, and the owner of the Prado Verde Estates and Falcon MHP. He is a director of The Pacific Academy for Advanced Studies which organizes the annual Alamos Alliance meetings of the Chicago Boys who have been instrumental in the economic reform process in Latin America and elsewhere.

He has received the Vancouver Rotary Club Service above Self Award, the Colin M. Brown Freedom Medal and Award by the National Citizens’ Coalition, an honorary Doctor of Laws degree (LL.D.) from The University of Western Ontario and The Thomas Jefferson Award from the Association of Private Enterprise Education.